Action, Collaboration, Transformation (ACT)


The aim of the initiative is to establish principles that enable living wages.

Short description

ACT (Action, Collaboration, Transformation) is an agreement between global brands and retailers and trade unions to transform the garment and textile industry and achieve living wages for workers through industry-wide collective bargaining linked to purchasing practices.

Industry-wide collective bargaining means that workers in the garment and textile industry within a country can negotiate their wages under the same conditions, regardless of the factory they work in, and the retailers and brands they produce for. Linking it to purchasing practices means that payment of the negotiated wage is supported and enabled by the terms of contracts with global brands and retailers.

ACT is the first global commitment on living wages in the sector that provides a framework through which all relevant actors, including brands and retailers, trade unions, manufacturers, and governments, can exercise their responsibility and role in achieving living wages.

ACT members have agreed to the following principles:

  • A joint approach is needed where all participants in global supply chains assume their respective responsibilities in achieving freedom of association, collective bargaining and living wages.
  • Agreement on a living wage should be reached through collective bargaining between employers and workers and their representatives, at national industry level.
  • Workers must be free and able to exercise their right to organize and bargain collectively in accordance with ILO Conventions.


ACT is the first collaboration between a considerable number of brands and a global union confederation and is committed to facilitate living wages through industry wide bargaining supported by responsible purchasing practices.

Action, Collaboration, Transformation (ACT)

Country / Region:
This is a global approach which will be the pursuit in a parallel number of countries.

Project running time:
2015 – ongoing

Project partners:
ACT (Action, Collaboration, Transformation), Arcadia, ASOS, C&A, Debenhams, Esprit, H&M, Inditex, IndustriALL Global Union, Kmart Australia, N Brown, New Look, NEXT, Pentland, Primark, Tchibo, Tesco, Topshop Topman, Target Australia

Bea Maria Ruoff:
Frank Hoffer:


As of: March 2018